Things To Know About Eye Diseases

Different eye diseases that exist are:

  • Hyperopia: Hyperopia is the difficulty to see closely. It occurs when there is a refractive error in which the light rays from behind the retina. Symptoms include visual discomfort, difficulty reading, studying, driving, and doing other daily activities. As there are different degrees of hyperopia, the doctor must evaluate and prescribe prescription glasses or contact lenses. It is a disease that can progress, so it is necessary to visit the ophthalmologist periodically.
  • Astigmatism: Astigmatism is the difficulty in seeing near and far, characterized by the cornea of ​​the eyes that has extended to an irregular shape, presenting an oval shape. This causes a refractive error that distorts the light when it enters the eyes. As there are different degrees of astigmatism, the evaluation of a professional in the field is necessary to prescribe a prescription for eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery to correct astigmatism.

Recalling that, in many cases, refractive surgery is only indicated in more severe cases and can progress over time. Therefore, it is necessary to visit the ophthalmologist periodically.

  • Presbyopia: Presbyopia is also known as “tired eyes.” It is natural wear of the eyes that causes difficulty in seeing closely. It usually affects people over 40 years old. The correction is made with prescription glasses from progressive lenses (multifocal) or close contact lenses.
  • Macular Degeneration of Age (AMD): As its name implies, Macular Degeneration of Age is related to age. It is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 50 years old. AMD affects the central part of the retina (macula) and is a degenerative disease. That is, it can progress, and therefore, it must be evaluated by a doctor periodically.

Treatment is by medication and laser surgery.

Hordeolum (Stye): The stye occurs due to an infection in the Meibomian glands located on the eyelid. It usually disappears in weeks but must be evaluated by the doctor to indicate the best treatment (eye drops, ointment, or medication). The eye area must be well cleaned to reduce the infection.

The Most Common Treatments For Eye Diseases

It is important to note that each case is different and that eye diseases have different degrees and levels of intensity. Therefore, we should not generalize care but seek out a specialist.

However, some treatments are widely used for major eye diseases. Are they:

  • Eyeglasses
  • Contact lenses
  • Ointments
  • Antibiotic eye drops
  • Lubricating eye drops
  • Refractive surgeries

Among all, prescription glasses according to Chicago Lasik center are one of the main treatments for eye diseases, as it is an adaptable treatment to be used in different age groups. In addition, prescription glasses are a very affordable treatment, but they must be chosen in the right way, with quality lenses that meet the needs of your eyes and bring visual comfort.

How To Prevent Eyes From Eye Diseases?

There are ways to prevent your eyes from eye disease, and some of them are pretty simple! Just look:

  • Avoid using digital devices a lot (TV, computer, cell phone)
  • Eating foods that are good for our vision (which contains vitamins A, C, E, and Omega-3)
  • Wash your eyes thoroughly (proper hygiene is essential!)
  • Avoid scratching your eyes.
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays
  • Consult with the ophthalmologist periodically